The Dangers of Untreated Exostosis / Surfer’s Ear
Figure 1: Normal ear canal and ear drum (left). Exostoses protruding into the ear canal and obscuring the view of the ear drum. Wax can be seen adhering to the exostoses (right).

The Dangers of Untreated Exostosis / Surfer’s Ear

Surfer’s ears (also known as exostoses) take years to form, and occur with chronic exposure to cold water or air. It is common in swimmers and surfers who dip their…

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Surfer’s Ear Treatment: Chisel vs Drill
Image 1: Normal external ear canal and eardrum (left). Surfer’s ear or exostoses visibly protruding into the external ear canal and obscuring the ear drum. Grains of sand are also visibly adherent to the exostoses (right).

Surfer’s Ear Treatment: Chisel vs Drill

Surfer's ear (also known as exostoses) are bony ear canal growths that occur when the ear is routinely exposed to cold water and air. Many surfers, swimmers, and water adventurers…

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Otoplasty for Protruding Ears
Figure 1: Before (left) and after (right) otoplasty.

Otoplasty for Protruding Ears

Overview Otoplasty is the term given to various techniques to correct an over protruded ear. Although fully functional, over protruded ears can have devastating social consequences. Children with this anatomical…

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Keloid Treatment Options
Figure 1. Keloid lesion behind the right ear before and after cryotherapy treatment.

Keloid Treatment Options

A keloid is a scar that forms due to an overgrowth of collagen, a protein found in skin, at the site of a healing injury. Unlike typical scars, keloids grow…

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Graves’ Disease: General Overview
Figure 1: Illustration of the neck depicting the thyroid gland.

Graves’ Disease: General Overview

What is Graves’ Disease? The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland located on the front of the neck below the larynx. It’s function is to produce hormones, called T3 and…

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