Cranial Nerves: An Overview
Figure 1: Illustration depicting the parotid gland and the closely associated branches of the facial nerve.

Cranial Nerves: An Overview

What Are Cranial Nerves? Cranial nerves are the nerves that directly originate from the brain or brainstem. They are primarily responsible for transmitting impulses and information from the brain to…

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Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Early Diagnosis of Nasal Mucosal Telangiectasias HHT Overview Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a hereditary disorder characterized by abnormal clusters of fragile capillaries that bleed with minimal agitation. Telangiectasias, commonly…

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Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Septal Perforation and Nose Bleeds
Figure 1: Nasal endoscopic view of the nasal passage demonstrating dried blood and scaly skin that would normally be pink and moist.

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: Septal Perforation and Nose Bleeds

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease, is a genetic disease that is characterized by the aberrant overgrowth and proliferation (dysplasia) of vascular tissue known as telangiectasias and…

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Have You Heard of Wegener’s?
Figure 1: Normal Ear- This ear is in a healthy state with no abnormalities (left). Otitis Media-The middle ear is filled with fluid that results in trouble hearing, fever, feeling of fullness in the ear, and vertigo (right).

Have You Heard of Wegener’s?

Wegener’s Granulomatosis is a fairly uncommon autoimmune disorder in which small arterial blood vessels are attacked by the body, restricting blood flow to various organs. This ultimately results in scar…

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Mega-perforation: Pushing the Limits of Septal Perforation Repair
Figure 2: Nasal septum perforation. A ruler has been inserted into the opposite nostril to demonstrate scale.

Mega-perforation: Pushing the Limits of Septal Perforation Repair

CLINICAL CHALLENGE We have coined the term ‘Mega-perforation’ to refer to a septal perforation that approaches the limits of reparability. Typically perforations greater than 3.0-3.5cm and/or greater than 75% of…

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